Geneva Agreement 1988

At the request of the governments concerned, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees will cooperate and assist in the voluntary repatriation of refugees, in accordance with this agreement. To this end, special agreements can be put in place between the N.C.R. and the High Contracting Parties. ARTICLE VII All measures that may be necessary to enable the High Contracting Parties to comply with the provisions of Article II of this agreement must be completed by the effective date of this agreement. Statement on International Guarantees The March deadline has come and gone and has been extended. President Zia maintained his position despite the strong pressure. As April approached and the Soviet withdrawal deadline approached, senior officials began to administer feverish activities between Moscow, Washington, Islamabad and Kabul. The Kabul regime held back and apparently played a minor role, but Naybullah eventually went to Tashkent, where he met Gorbachev. In Geneva, UN ministers Cordovez and Robert Peck insisted that the round of negotiations not be postponed without a signed agreement, as long as it took. Senator Humphrey flew to Pakistan and Geneva and wired President Reagan to signal the afghan opposition`s unanimous opposition to the negotiated agreements. A resistance figure desperately told an American: “Everything we fought for is lost. We were betrayed.┬áBilateral agreement between Afghanistan and Pakistan on the voluntary return of refugees.

The agreements do not set procedures for the execution, verification or control of the withdrawal of Soviet troops; in this case, the agreements do not contain provisions relating to the application of the conditions. An unsigned annex establishes procedures for monitoring their implementation by United Nations personnel, but only by two teams of five observers deployed to Kabul and Islamabad (50 at most, if applicable). Your mission is to support the representative of the United Nations, who apparently has no enforcement powers; Complaints of violations are sent confidentially to the governments concerned and to the Secretary-General of the United Nations. Since the withdrawal of Soviet troops is based on a separate agreement between Moscow and Kabul, their withdrawal does not even appear to be covered by this minimal supervision. The Geneva Conventions, formally known as agreements to resolve the situation in Afghanistan, were signed on 14 April 1988 at the United Nations headquarters in Geneva[1] between Afghanistan and Pakistan, with the United States and the Soviet Union as guarantors. This vast web of agreements was not addressed in the agreements, but he and other factors raise questions about Afghanistan`s true independence and self-determination, a topic that was removed from the agenda before the talks began. The Kabul regime said: “No questions can be addressed about the Afghan regime in place, the nature of the government or other internal affairs. In accordance with the timetable agreed between the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and the Republic of Afghanistan, there will be a gradual withdrawal of foreign troops that will begin on the day of entry into force.