Talks between the Afghan government and the Taliban began on September 12, 2020 in Doha. Negotiations were scheduled for March, but were postponed due to a prisoner exchange dispute. Mawlavi Abdul Hakim will lead the negotiations for the Taliban, he is the group`s supreme judge and a close associate of Haibatullah Akhundzada. Abdullah Abdullah will be one of the leaders of the Afghan government`s negotiating team. The Afghan government team also includes women`s rights activists.  Karzai confirmed in June 2011 that secret talks had taken place between the United States and the Taliban, but collapsed in August 2011.  Further attempts to resume talks were cancelled in March 2012 and June 2013 following a dispute between the Afghan government and the Taliban over the opening of a political office in Qatar. President Karzai accused the Taliban of presenting itself as a government-in-exile.  In January 2016, Pakistan held a round of four-way talks with Afghan, Chinese, and U.S. officials, but the Taliban did not participate.  The Taliban held informal discussions with the Afghan government in 2016.  After months of negotiations, Hezb-i Islami Gulbuddin, the second largest enclave militant group after the Taliban, signed a peace agreement in Kabul with the government of Afghan President Ashraf Ghani. It was the first peace treaty since the war in Afghanistan began in 2001.
Government officials hailed the deal as a step toward peace and possibly also a deal with the Taliban.  Others, however, shared their concerns about alleged war crimes committed by controversial leader Gulbuddin Hekmatyar. The agreement called for the U.S. to whitelist him from a list of “global terrorists.” Parts of Afghan society have protested against the peace treaty because of its previous actions.  “No deal is perfect and the agreement between the U.S. and the Taliban is no exception,” said Robert Malley, president and CEO of the International Crisis Group. Ideological differences have led to issues that arise, particularly human rights. The 2004 Afghan Constitution protects women`s rights, such as speech and education, as well as freedom of the press, including freedom of expression, both of which have been repressed under Taliban rule in Afghanistan. Khalilzad, Ghani, Abdullah and several other senior Afghan officials have all said that these rights should be protected and not sacrificed in a peace agreement.  Afghanistan`s first lady, Rula Ghani, has been active in protecting women`s rights.
 Afghan journalists have called for the press to be protected in any peace agreement.  The agreement sets out a tentative timetable for the withdrawal of foreign forces from Afghanistan, provided that the Taliban prevent international jihadist groups such as al-Qaeda from using their territory to attack the United States or its allies. Russia. Moscow hopes to revive relations with Afghanistan, which were shattered by the country`s withdrawal in 1989, after decades of occupation. Experts say Russia wants to play a leading role in the peace process and strengthen its influence in Afghanistan in order to counter the presence of the United States and NATO in the region. Last year, several meetings were held between Taliban delegations and Afghan representatives. The next step in the process, the talks between the Taliban and the Afghan government or the “Innerafghaese negotiations”, will be on a genuine “peace agreement”. A week of “violence reduction” between the Taliban, the United States and Afghan security forces has led to a sharp drop in violence and casualties across the country after it went into effect on February 22. The statement on the group`s propaganda page addressed Biden and future U.S. governments to say that the withdrawal of all U.S.
forces from Afghanistan would be in the interest of “our peoples and our nations.” The group also expressed its commitment to the agreement. The annexes to the U.S.-Taliban agreement, which have never been published, should set limits on fighting. . . .