This triggered Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union, which sets out the procedure for a member state`s exit from the Union and introduces a two-year countdown to withdrawal. As regards citizens` rights, an agreement has been reached to give direct effect to the Withdrawal Agreement, but a number of differences remain on other important issues. Following the hearing of Michel Barnier, the Commission`s chief negotiator, the Heads of State and Government adopted guidelines for the transition to the second phase of the Brexit negotiations. “I think a brief extension will be possible, but it will depend on a positive vote on the withdrawal agreement in the House of Commons,” Council President Donald Tusk said on 20 March. “We cannot give up looking for a positive solution until the last moment,” Tusk added. The Withdrawal Agreement also provides for the United Kingdom to leave the Convention establishing the Statute for the European Schools, with the United Kingdom having until the end of the last academic year of the transition period, i.e.: at the end of the spring semester 2020-2021, is bound by the Convention and the accompanying rules relating to accredited European Schools.  He said that the main task of the withdrawal negotiations would be to protect the interests of the EU and the interests of each of the 27 countries. He also stressed that access to the European single market requires acceptance of the EU`s four freedoms: people, goods, capital and services. The agreement defines the goods, services and processes related to them. It argues that any product or service lawfully placed on the market before leaving the Union may continue to be made available to consumers in the United Kingdom or in the Member States of the Union (art. 40 & 41). Unless the Parties decide, before 1 July 2020, to extend the transitional period from 1 to 2 years, on 1 January 2021, all primary and secondary Union rights shall no longer apply to the United Kingdom. Transfers of personal data to the UK will then be subject to the requirements of Chapter V of the GDPR and the Prosecution Directive.
The European Commission has published a series of opinions setting out the consequences of a number of policies aimed at preparing citizens and stakeholders for the UK`s exit. The Protocol on Northern Ireland, known as the “Irish Backstop”, was an annex to the November 2018 draft agreement that outlined provisions to avoid a hard border in Ireland after the UK`s withdrawal from the European Union. . . .