Costa Rica: Costa Rica aims for its electricity production to be 100% renewable by 2021. It is already extremely rare: in 2018, for the fourth time in a row, it produced 98% of its electricity from renewable sources, mainly hydroelectricity. Two-thirds of its greenhouse gas emissions come from transportation, and the country has made the use of renewable energy on its roads and rails a national priority. The National Plan for Electric Transport stipulates that every two years, at least five percent of the bus fleet will be replaced by electric buses and at least 10 percent of new taxi concessions will be allocated to electric vehicles. In addition, in February 2019, Costa Rica extended a moratorium on oil production and production from 2021 to the end of 2050. Once ratified, the agreement requires governments to submit their emission reduction plans. Ultimately, they will have to bite their share to keep global temperatures well below 2°C above pre-industrial times and “make efforts” to limit them further to 1.5°C. The objective of the agreement is to reduce global warming described in Article 2, “improve implementation” of the UNFCCC by: Morocco: According to the CAT, Morocco is one of only two countries to have a plan to reduce its CO2 emissions to a level compatible with limiting warming to 1.5 degrees C. Morocco`s National Energy Strategy plans to produce 42% of its electricity production from renewable energies by 2020.
and 52% by 2030. It is already at 35%, thanks in particular to investments in projects such as the Noor Ouarzazate complex, the largest concentrated solar park in the world, covering an area of 3,500 football fields, generating enough electricity to power two cities the size of Marrakech. In addition, countries aim to “reach a global peak in greenhouse gas emissions as soon as possible.” The deal has been described as an incentive and engine for the sale of fossil fuels.   Although the United States and Turkey are not party to the agreement because the countries have not declared their intention to withdraw from the 1992 UNFCCC, as an “Annex 1” country to the UNFCCC, they will continue to be required to produce national communications and an annual greenhouse gas inventory.  Turkey and three major oil exporters are among the seven countries that have not yet ratified the 2015 Paris Climate Agreement […].